BMW seems to be the only manufacturer (short of racing) that is marketing performance diesels. The new quad turbo is a replacement for the tri-turbo they introduced several years ago. These were outfitted with M badges (not full M cars, but "M Sports") and sold towards the top of the price range. I'm not sure the US consumer would understand the idea of a performance diesel, a few enthusiast buyers would love it, but as a whole it would probably be a sales failure in the US. Especially at the price they'd have to sell.
EcoDiesel SRT perhaps? That's called a Duramax swap